Diabetes, ie diabetes, is a disease that does not allow the body to use the sugar it gets from food. Blood circulation slows down due to diabetes, due to which blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, etc. get damaged with every passing moment. Regular medication and lifestyle changes can keep the disease under control. Diabetes affects your skin too. Skin changes are the first symptom of diabetes. Having a metabolic disorder can make existing skin problems worse and lead to new skin problems. Skin problems in diabetes are sometimes the first symptom of a metabolic disorder.
Diabetes can damage your blood vessels and nerves which can reduce circulation and blood flow to the skin. Decreased blood circulation can lead to changes in collagen, affecting the skin’s texture, appearance and ability to heal. Other skin problems with diabetes may include itching, thickening of the skin, yellow or brown spots, blisters, and infections.
Diabetes is a chronic disease and one of the fastest growing diseases in the world. Based on the current situation, it is predicted that within a few years almost one in three people will be suffering from type-2 diabetes. While researchers and experts are still looking for a permanent cure for diabetes, most people tend to forget the signs of diabetes. Knowing the symptoms and effects of the disease can help you prevent it from becoming serious.
Common symptoms of diabetes on the skin
1. Bacterial Infections on the Skin
If your sugar level is high, then the biggest effect of this comes in the form of styes and boils on your eyelids, nail infections and skin infections. These infections are usually painful with a red and swollen appearance.
2. Necrobiosis lipoidica
These are yellow, red or brown spots on the skin. These usually start as small spots and grow to larger patches that are hard and swollen to the touch. There is itching and pain in them.
3. Deep Velvet Skin
This is one of the most common and first symptoms of pre diabetes. Dark, velvety patches of skin appear on the neck, armpits and other areas of the groin and in skin folds. These are also called acanthosis nigricans (AN) and their appearance is thought to be due to being overweight.
4. Diabetic Blisters
Also known medically as bullosis diabeticorum, these appear suddenly on the skin in the form of several small blisters or one large blister. These can appear on the hands, feet, toes, back of fingers, forearms. Their appearance is painless but it looks like you have severe burns.
5. Digital Sclerosis
This symptom makes your skin tight and waxy. You’ll see it on the back of the hands and it usually makes it difficult to move the fingers and joints. The condition affects the forearms, shoulders, neck and upper back, and sometimes the face, shoulders and chest. When it affects your feet, it may be difficult to bend your legs or wiggle your toes.
6. Spots on calves
These appear as spots or lines that cause pits on the skin. Also known as diabetic dermopathy, this condition is painless but still requires attention for good diabetic treatment.
7. Eruptive Xanthomatosis
If you have diabetes, small red-yellow bumps appear on the elbows and backs of the knees. They are itchy and usually affect young men with high cholesterol. They appear suddenly and disappear just as suddenly.
8. Uncomfortably dry and itchy skin
Dry skin is a common symptom of diabetes. High blood sugar levels rob the skin of its moisture, leading to excessive dryness and itching. This can lead to further rupture of the skin and even a serious infection.
9. Diabetic Dermopathy
These are small, less than 1 cm, well-demarcated atrophic depressions, macules, or papules on the pretibia. They are considered a sign of insulin resistance. These are leaving atrophic hypopigmentation on the skin.
Regarding the information given in the article, we do not claim that it is completely true and accurate. Before adopting them, do take the advice of an expert in the concerned field.
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