New Delhi. Doctors and health experts have said that sepsis is expected to kill more people than cancer and heart attacks by 2050. According to the World Health Organization, sepsis is a syndromic response to infection and is often the last common cause of death from many infectious diseases worldwide.
A study published in the Lancet journal showed that there were 489 million cases and 11 million sepsis-related deaths worldwide in 2017, which is about 20 percent of all global deaths.
The study also revealed that India has a higher mortality rate from sepsis than other South Asian countries except Afghanistan.
Yatin Mehta, Chairman, Institute of Critical Care and Anesthesiology, Gurugram, Medanta – The Medicity said, “Sepsis will kill more people by 2050 than cancer or heart attack. It is going to be the biggest killer in India. As in developing countries, overuse of antibiotics is probably leading to higher mortality rates.”
This is because many common diseases like dengue, malaria, UTI or even diarrhea can lead to sepsis.
Mehta was speaking at the Sepsis Summit India 2021 organized recently by the Institute of Health Awareness – Integrated Health and Wellbeing Council.
Apart from the use of antibiotics, experts also noted the lack of awareness and early diagnosis. He called for increasing awareness and education about sepsis at the grassroots level.
“Despite advances in medicine, 50-60 per cent of patients in tertiary care hospitals develop sepsis and septic shock. There is a need for awareness and early diagnosis. Also unnecessary antibiotic therapy should be avoided,” Mehta said.
Lav Verma, former Union Health Secretary to the Government of India, said, “Sepsis has not been given the recognition it deserves and it is far behind the policy standpoint. We need standard operating procedures and we need the Indian Council of Medical Research, Sustainable There is a need to identify cases of sepsis in research by medical education (CME) and should be taken up on priority by policy makers.”
While it is a leading cause of death in newborns and pregnant women. Sepsis also affects older adults, patients in the ICU and those with HIV/AIDS, liver cirrhosis, cancer, kidney disease and autoimmune diseases.
Experts said it also played a major role in most of the immunodeficiency deaths during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.
Kishore Kumar, Founder and President, Cloudnine Group of Hospitals, said, “Sepsis will remain an enigma unless we educate and make the public aware. Recently, the Pediatric Association of India announced AAA – ‘Avoid Antibiotic Abuse ‘, because antibiotics are over-prescribed in India. About 54 percent of newborn babies die from sepsis in India, which is worse than in Africa. We need a three-pronged approach – primary prevention, secondary prevention and education and awareness.”
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Web Title-Sepsis will kill more people than cancer, heart attack by 2050: Experts