The “Ghar-Ghar Aushadhi Yojana” launched by the Rajasthan government is not just a government-driven campaign for every household. It is a comprehensive, unique and innovative implementation of Vrikshayurveda. It is said to be a dispensary where medicinal plants and doctors are available. Ayurveda, Medicines used in Siddha, Unani, and Sowarigpa and Naturopathy systems are mainly derived from trees and plants. Due to continuous over-exploitation from the forests, now many species of medicinal plants are threatened and implemented by developing strategies for long-term conservation, enhancement and cultivation. These include natural habitat, in-place conservation, commercial farming, conservation, cultivation, domestication and development of new varieties in groves, orchards and plantation areas, etc. Today’s discussion of medicinal plants in-house. Focuses on growing methods.
Even 70 to 80 percent of the world’s population still meets the needs of their medicine with plants in one form or the other. Our houses have a strong process and tradition of planting orchards and growing medicinal plants for everyday use in them. Since the beginning of the permanent residence of humans in India, the tradition of planting trees around the houses is at least 5000 years old. . Today, most of the houses in the country are equipped with greenery or home-gardens in one way or the other.
There are simple formulas for growing medicinal plants in the home, which keep the house from house to house pleasant and healing.
The first thing is that it is very beneficial to grow those species of medicinal plants at home which are used for everyday medicine. Four best medicinal plants of Ayurveda, Tulsi, Kalmegh, Ashwagandha, and Guduchi under the Ghar Ghar Aushadhi scheme. Plants will be grown in the forest department’s nurseries and distributed between July-August to November-December. You can also plant them in your garden or in pots.
Secondly, if you want to grow these species immediately, usable plants of basil, kalmegh and ashwagandha can be grown from seedlings to home gardens or medium sized pots placed in the balcony or terrace-garden of apartments. Guduchi or Giloy pens can also be planted in orchards or pots of two to three feet deep and larger size and can be climbed by supporting vines / vines. Guduchi’s stem pen which has at least three nodes, can be applied in straight soil. Can. One node of the pen should be buried in the soil and at least one node should be put up for taunting. While getting the pen of Guduchi, note that do not place the pens of the aerial roots. There will be no footwear. Out of the seeds received in Rajasthan, a handful of Ashwagandha seeds weigh 20 grams and the number of seeds is 8,520. Similarly, 22 grams of seeds come in a handful in Rama Tulsi and their number is 48,400. A handful of Kalmegh seeds contain 30 grams of seeds, totaling 13,500 seeds. Thus, 426 seeds per gram in Ashwagandha, 2,200 seeds per gram in Tulsi and 450 seeds per gram in Kalmegh have been estimated. This calculation is based on a sample of Rajasthan and may vary slightly from estimates at the global level. But this figure is reasonable and adequate for estimation. This means that the seeds are very small size and if you want to sow directly in pots or small beds, less than a pinch of seed is required. You can collect these seeds from around you. Can get from neighbors or relatives. You can also buy them from the market.
Dig the seeds of the three species in pots or in soil with a hoof and sow 1 to 2 centimeters deep, do not put seeds too deep. Add a little ash to the seeds of Tulsi, Kalmegh and Ashwagandha and add a little to the top of the pot or soil bed. Give a layer of ash to the burqa, otherwise the ants carry the seeds. Before sowing it is necessary to irrigate the soil of pottery or seedlings. Germination is complete in Tulsi, Kalmegh and Ashwagandha within about 6 to 12 days. Tulsi in about 8 to 12 days, Kalmegh in 6-7 days, and 6 – In Ashwagandha, germination takes place in 10 days. Very light irrigation should be done till germination. After that it is advisable to irrigate as needed. If many seeds have sprouted in pots or beds, you can uproot them and plant them elsewhere within three to four weeks of germination.
The third thing is that you can put basil, kalmegh, ashwagandha and giloy in the pots in the small garden or balcony of the apartment, but you can always keep the medicine scheme at your level, always going forward year after year. Years can grow some very useful plants. If you want to grow your garden beyond these four important species, then keep in mind that the selected medicinal species are those which are used in food, chemicals and medicine, trivalent, and variety. Can be used in the treatment against diseases. The wealth in the treasury and the collection of plants in the garden is slowly. So if you are not able to sow or plant medicinal plants together, then in your garden or apartment balcony, the diversity of species can be maintained over time. Continue to grow together and enrich the next generation by giving them both knowledge of medicinal plants and their uses.
The fourth is that if you have some land, there must be some area of the garden where many species of plants are planted in such a way that there is a feeling of natural area. If you want to grow many medicinal species in the garden, then most of them Plant randomly multi-faceted planting in one corner of the garden. Minimize human interference in this part so that ecological processes like seedling, seed dispersal, reproduction like natural forests will begin to operate automatically over time. This semi-wild part of the garden is very attractive. , Is healing and useful.
Fifth point is that as stated earlier, Tulsi under the door-to-door drug scheme in the nurseries of the forest department. Plants of Kalmegh, Ashwagandha and Giloy will be provided but there are other ways to obtain seeds, pens and plants. The easiest way is exchange of plants and seeds between families which has evolved with the development of human civilization. For example, whenever you see a beautiful garden of a family, then definitely ask for some plants from them and plant them in your garden. Similarly, you should also gift some plants to those people. The medicinal plants growing in home garden or pots are a source of good seeds along with authentic medicine. Exchange of seeds with your neighbors, friends and relatives is our old Tradition. This tradition still exists in some form in the whole world. The society of the whole world considers this exchange of seeds a pleasant gift.
Sixth, the healing, multi-use and attractive view of the garden or garden has a serious psychological impact on health. Every day, when you look at your garden calmly, you have a keen desire to stay healthy and keep your family healthy. This divine psychological effect is effective like a medicine. This statement is not for the sake of cheerfulness, but is a squeeze of more than 6000 research papers published on the relationship of greenery and health in the world.
Seventh Sutra, as mentioned earlier, if you live in apartments or you live in apartments, you can grow many species of plants in pots as well. If there is a shortage of water in the garden, at least during the rainy season the plants can grow. Rain-water conservation can be done by building a bag around it.
Planting, sapling and use of medicinal plants from home can save the extinction of traditional knowledge available about these species from extinction. Indigenous-knowledge or traditional knowledge is automatically introduced to the children by taking them together in the planting and maintenance of plants. The generation begins to meet. It is the most powerful means of protecting local knowledge from extinction. My long-term personal experience is that as traditionally grown plants start to become extinct from around us, local knowledge exchange from old generation to new generation. This is the root cause of the loss of local knowledge accumulated from generations around the world today. It is also a solid strategy to conserve the useful biodiversity of the essence of medicinal plants using the local knowledge being collected from the generations. In the prevention of erosion of traditional knowledge, the Ghar Ghar Aushadhi scheme can have a major contribution.
Planting medicinal plants at home can play an important role in the health of the country, society and family. Plants growing in the garden continue to inspire healthy living. Medicinal plants grown today in the house can save the lives of our loved ones tomorrow.
Dr. Deep Narayan Pandey
(Senior Officer in Indian Forest Service)
(These are personal views of the author and inspired by the ‘Principle of Universal Welfare’.)
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